Labour Studies Index

Updated: 2022-05-16

Precarious jobs: Where are they, and how do they affect well-being?

Document type Article
Author Lewchuk, Wayne
Journal The Economic and Labour Relations Review
Volume 28
Date 2017 09 1
ISSN 1035-3046
Pages 402-419


By the end of the 20th century, there was general agreement that most labour markets were in transition and that employment was becoming less secure. However, official labour market data have not shown a dramatic increase in temporary or casual employment. This article takes a new look at the changing characteristics of employment and offers a new method to measure employment security: the Employment Precarity Index. We use the Employment Precarity Index to assess how insecure employment associated with a ‘gig’ economy might affect well-being and social relations, including health outcomes, household well-being and community involvement.