Labour Studies Index

Updated: 2022-05-16

Projecting the Impact of Population Aging on the Quebec Labour Market

Document type Article
Author Bissonnette, Luc
Author Boisclair, David
Author Laliberté-Auger, François
Author Marchand, Steeve
Author Michaud, Pierre-Carl
Author Vincent, Carole
Journal Canadian Public Policy
Volume 42
Date 2016 December
ISSN 0317-0861, 1911-9917
Pages 431-441


Quebecers are living longer than ever before as a result of better health as well as improved educational attainment and economic well-being. Using a dynamic microsimulation model, we show that an aging workforce will not necessarily mean a decline in Quebec employment levels in the coming years. Because future experienced workers will be more educated and more of them will remain in employment for longer, we project that annual growth rates in employment will stay positive, averaging between 0.2 and 0.3 percent over the next two decades. Between 2035 and 2050, employment could contribute nearly 0.3 percentage points to annual economic growth in Quebec.