Labour Studies Index

Updated: 2021-01-05

Social Capital, Employment and Occupational Status of the New Immigrants in Canada

Document type Article
Author Kazemipur, Abdolmohammad
Author Nakhaie, M. Reza
Journal Journal of International Migration and Integration
Volume 14
Date 2013 08 01
ISSN 1488-3473, 1874-6365
Pages 419-437


Using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants in Canada (LSIC), this study examines the role of social capital in the labour market integration of new immigrants in Canada, utilizing various measures of social capital and treating employment and occupational Socio-Economic Scale (SES) as the indicators of labour market integration. The findings show that visible minority immigrants have significantly lower levels of employment and SES compared to white immigrants. Furthermore, social capital contributes significantly to an increased likelihood of employment and also to higher SES positions. However, the effect of social capital varies by the types of social capital, ethno-racial origins, as well as forms of economic integration.