Labour Studies Index

Updated: 2019-04-26

Intergenerational and Intercultural Differences in Work Values in Quebec and the United Arab Emirates

Document type Article
Author Saba, Tania
Author Waxin, Marie-France
Author Wils, Thierry
Author Labelle, Christiane
Journal Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations
Volume 66
Date 2011 Summer
ISSN 0034-379X
Pages 445-469


The purpose of this research is to examine whether differences exist in the work values of several generations among 186 respondents in Quebec and 252 Arab respondents in the United Arab Emirates. We used an abridged version of Wils, Luncasu and Waxin (2007) work value inventory, including 28 work values arranged on four poles: self-enhancement, self-transcendence, openness-to-change and conservation. In the Quebec sample, there were no significant differences between generations in their scores on the four work value poles. In the Arab sample, the younger generation attached less importance to self-enhancement, but more importance to self-transcendence than the older generation with a small effect size. Our results also demonstrate that cultural origin had no significant impact on the average score on the work value poles. The diversity in work values among generations and cultures that we found in our samples does not support the idea that human resource management practices should be adjusted for different generations. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]